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    Trump’s Refusal to Concede

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    The political scientist Brendan Nyhan has usually responded to occasions throughout the Trump presidency by asking a query: What would you say if you happen to noticed it out of the country?

    Let’s attempt that train now. Think about {that a} president of one other nation misplaced an election and refused to concede defeat. As a substitute, he lied concerning the vote rely. He then filed lawsuits to have ballots thrown out, put stress on different officers to again him up and used the ability of presidency to stop a transition of energy from beginning.

    How would you describe this habits? It’s definitely anti-democratic. It’s an try and overrule the desire of the individuals, ignore a rustic’s legal guidelines and illegitimately seize political energy.

    President Trump’s efforts will most likely fail, however they’re in contrast to something that residing People have skilled. “What we have now seen within the final week from the president extra intently resembles the ways of the type of authoritarian leaders we comply with,” Michael Abramowitz, the president of Freedom Home, which tracks democracy, advised The Occasions. “I by no means would have imagined seeing one thing like this in America.”

    It’s “one of many gravest threats to democracy” the nation has confronted, Ryan Enos, a Harvard social scientist, wrote yesterday. He added in an electronic mail, “The result’s crystal clear and, but, the incumbent is creating ambiguity by baseless claims.”

    I requested political scientists and historians for analogies, they usually provided a couple of. The ruling social gathering in Mexico most likely reversed the true election end in 1988, as did ruling events in Zimbabwe in 2002, Iran in 2009 and possibly Russia in 1996, Steven Levitsky, a co-author of “How Democracies Die,” advised me. The small print had been totally different — the fraud typically occurred earlier than the outcomes had been introduced — however all had been instances of politicians stealing an election principally with out army pressure.

    The closest U.S. comparisons are greater than a century outdated. The Federalist Get together thought of depriving Thomas Jefferson of the presidency in 1800 and used the courts to weaken him. Throughout Reconstruction, elements of the South overturned election outcomes, typically by means of violence. And naturally a number of states responded to Abraham Lincoln’s 1860 victory by seceding from the union. (Thomas Edsall’s newest Occasions column has extra particulars on every of those.)

    What occurs subsequent? Republican officers appear to be attempting to finesse the scenario. They wish to keep away from angering Trump, who stays common with Republican voters, as Liam Donovan, a celebration strategist, notes. That helps clarify why most Republican officers have refused to acknowledge Joe Biden because the president-elect and have made vaguely supportive feedback about Trump’s false claims.

    However this assist appears halfhearted. Few Republicans are taking their very own steps to reverse the election consequence.

    The 2 essential subsequent steps are the certification of state election outcomes and the appointment of Electoral Faculty voters, as Andrew Prokop of Vox explains. Each should occur by mid-December. If Republican officers in some states intrude — say, by attempting to nominate electors who ignore the election outcomes and vote for Trump in states he misplaced — it is going to be an indication that his try and undo the election has reached a extra severe stage.

    Ultimately, Republican officers can be compelled to choose, The Washington Publish’s Greg Sargent writes — between breaking with Trump and breaking with democracy. Democracy appears more likely to prevail, however in a broken state. “Hundreds of thousands of his supporters,” my colleague Maggie Haberman writes, “will imagine what he says.”

    Max Fisher, one other colleague, provided the next on Twitter yesterday:

    Snout Science: Researchers have developed facial recognition for bears, figuring out them by means of options together with their eyes, nostril tip and ears. Ecologists hope the know-how will assist them preserve observe of the dimensions and exercise of bear populations.

    From Opinion: It’s time for the N.C.A.A. to pay faculty athletes, argues John Thompson Jr., Georgetown College’s former basketball coach, in an excerpt from his posthumous autobiography.

    Lives Lived: David Toole realized to bounce expressively lengthy after his legs had been amputated. He carried out with numerous troupes and achieved world renown as a featured dancer within the opening ceremony of the 2012 Paralympic Video games in London. He died at 56.

    Supreme, a streetwear firm, is so common that followers wait hours in line to purchase its gear, like T-shirts stamped with Kate Moss’s face or branded bricks (for present, not building). The corporate intentionally restricts the provision of its merchandise, creating sizzling resale markets. At one level, these bricks had been promoting for $1,000 on eBay.

    This week, VF Company — which owns manufacturers together with the North Face and Vans — introduced that it was shopping for Supreme for $2.1 billion. The deal is one other marker of the model’s success, and the lucrativeness of the streetwear market typically. But it surely has additionally left followers and business analysts questioning: How will Supreme keep cool when it’s a part of a large company?

    Supreme and VF hope that a part of the reply includes development abroad, probably in international locations like China. “Reasonably than saturate U.S. malls, which will surely damage the model, Supreme and VF Corp. seem to have their sights set on areas the place they will increase with out a lot impact on the perceived exclusivity in established markets,” Marc Bain writes at Quartz.

    One other reply could also be that Supreme, which started in 1994 as a single New York storefront geared towards skate boarders, received’t keep cool in the identical method — however that nothing does ceaselessly.

    “Maybe this merely marks the tip of the inevitable journey that involves all nice disruptive manufacturers that start life as outsiders. They subvert the established order solely to pique the curiosity of the dominant gamers, who take up their methods after which go on to soak up the precise supply,” The Occasions’s vogue critic Vanessa Friedman writes. “Vogue is nice at that.”

    Coarsely crushed black peppercorns are key to this beef and cabbage stir-fry. They add a spicy chew to the meat, balanced by a easy rub of garlic, brown sugar and salt.

    Hilary Holladay’s “The Energy of Adrienne Wealthy” is the primary correct biography of the influential poet. It’s filled with fascinating particulars, from Wealthy’s beginnings as a toddler prodigy (she performed Mozart on the piano and dictated tales by the age of 4) to her political awakening later in life as a feminist.

    The late-night hosts applauded Biden’s feedback that Trump’s refusal to concede was embarrassing.

    Now time to play

    The pangrams from yesterday’s Spelling Bee had been grandpop and propaganda. Right this moment’s puzzle is above — or you possibly can play on-line when you’ve got a Video games subscription.

    Right here’s right now’s Mini Crossword, and a clue: 180° from NNW (three letters).

    Thanks for spending a part of your morning with The Occasions. See you tomorrow. — David

    A correction: On Tuesday, we misstated Emily Harrington’s achievement in Yosemite Nationwide Park. She was the primary girl to free-climb El Capitan’s Golden Gate route in lower than 24 hours. The primary girl to free-climb the mountain so rapidly was Lynn Hill, in 1994.

    P.S. The Occasions has named Anton Troianovski its subsequent Moscow bureau chief, some of the storied posts for international correspondents.

    You’ll be able to see right now’s print entrance web page right here.

    Right this moment’s episode of “The Each day” is concerning the race to develop a coronavirus vaccine. On the newest “Fashionable Love” podcast, the secrets and techniques that may finish relationships.

    Melina Delkic, Claire Moses, Ian Prasad Philbrick and Sanam Yar contributed to The Morning. You’ll be able to attain the crew at

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