SEOUL, South Korea — A transgender girl who was expelled by the South Korean army final yr after her gender-reassignment surgical procedure has been discovered useless at her residence south of Seoul, the police stated on Thursday.
The authorities stated they have been investigating the reason for dying of the girl, Byeon Hee-su, 23, whose physique was discovered on Wednesday at her residence within the metropolis of Cheongju by emergency responders. They have been alerted after a neighborhood psychological well being heart that had been counseling her reported that it couldn’t contact her.
Ms. Byeon, who had been a workers sergeant in a military tank unit, was discharged from the army in January 2020 following her surgical procedure. She had needed to proceed her service within the military, however a army panel declared her unfit to serve. She turned the primary active-duty soldier in South Korea to be referred to such a panel as a result of she had had a sex-change operation.
Since her dismissal, Ms. Byeon had campaigned vigorously to be reinstated, arguing that there was no cause she couldn’t fulfill her duties.
“I need to present that I will be a superb soldier who helps defend this nation no matter my sexual id,” Ms. Byeon stated tearfully at a information convention following her discharge. “Please give me that probability.”
Ms. Byeon’s case laid naked the plight that lesbians, homosexual males, bisexuals and transgender folks usually face in South Korea’s socially conservative society, particularly in its armed forces. Homosexual and different troopers have lengthy complained of discrimination and abuse. Homosexual males and lesbians will not be barred from service, however they’ve been subjected to investigations by military officials. Transgender folks, nonetheless, are barred from becoming a member of the armed forces, since they’re categorized by the army as having psychological and bodily “issues.”
In a ruling final yr, a district court docket formally acknowledged Ms. Byeon as feminine. After her preliminary petition to be reinstated was rejected by the army, Ms. Byeon sued the army, arguing that her discharge had been illegal. The primary listening to within the case had been scheduled to happen in a army court docket subsequent month.
The army expressed its condolences over her dying however declined to make any additional feedback.
Ms. Byeon’s dying introduced an outpouring on social media from transgender folks, who thanked her for talking out for transgender rights within the face of the social stigma.
“I’m really sorry that we’ve failed to guard the life you might have so desperately needed,” Jang Hye-young, a lawmaker affiliated with the minority Justice Celebration, said in a submit on Twitter.
Efforts to undertake a complete anti-discrimination legislation to advertise the rights of ladies and sexual and different minorities have been stymied for years in Parliament as highly effective conservative Christian church buildings have lobbied towards it, calling the conduct of L.G.B.T. folks sinful.
Ms. Byeon joined the army in 2017. She underwent her operation in Thailand whereas on go away. She bumped into hassle afterward, when a South Korean military-run hospital, the place she had checked in for post-surgery therapy, stated that she was disabled and could possibly be discharged from the military due to the lack of male genitalia from the surgical procedure.
South Korea, which is technically at battle with North Korea throughout one of many world’s most closely fortified borders, requires all able-bodied males to serve in its armed forces for about 20 months. Girls are exempt from conscription however might select to enlist.
Earlier than her dying, Ms. Byeon discovered important worldwide backing for her trigger.
United Nations human rights officers stated in a letter to the South Korean authorities final July that her dismissal “would violate the fitting to work and the prohibition of discrimination based mostly on gender id underneath worldwide human rights legislation.”
The South Korean authorities defended the army’s resolution, saying that with the intention to enable transgender folks to serve within the army, the nation must take into account how it will have an effect on troops’ fight readiness towards North Korea. It additionally stated the nation needed to weigh the “results on personnel morale”
In December, South Korea’s Nationwide Human Rights Fee referred to as the military’s resolution unfair and really helpful that it reinstate Ms. Byeon.
Lim Tae-hoon, director of the Navy Human Rights Middle of Korea, which supplied help for Ms. Byeon, stated after her dying, “We pray that Workers Sergeant Byeon Hee-su, a tank driver, will stay with like-minded folks within the subsequent world the place there is no such thing as a discrimination and hatred.”